ARCHIVE SITE - Last updated Jan. 19, 2017. Please visit www.NACWA.org for the latest NACWA information.
Senate Advances Water Bill with Key NACWA Priorities
On a nearly unanimous 95-3 vote, U.S. Senate last week passed the Water Resources Development Act (WRDA) of 2016 (S. 2848) and accomplished a milestone legislative achievement that puts Senators on record in favor of providing significant new investment tools and common sense regulatory reforms to help all Americans afford investments in clean and safe water. The bill's overwhelming support demonstrates that water is a broad bipartisan issue and acknowledges the nation's growing water infrastructure needs.
Passage of the bill on September 15 was particularly meaningful given that the day was also devoted to the Imagine a Day Without Water campaign. NACWA distributed a press release hailing the bill’s passage, and also spearheaded a joint water sector and municipal organization press statement thanking the Senate for its action.
Senate passage represents the most significant legislative progress to date on NACWA’s priorities to reform the Clean Water Act (CWA), advancing critical clean water investments and meeting a number of key objectives in the Association’s Strategic Plan. NACWA members have worked tirelessly over several years to realize many of these policy reforms and investment initiatives. These efforts that have been invaluable.
The Senate WRDA package also includes a number of other key NACWA priorities, including language advocated by the Association to direct the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to coordinate with local governments where local water resource plans, such as stormwater management or aquifer recharge, may be impacted by Corps' activities.
EPA is moving forward with plans to conduct a multi-year study of the nutrient removal performance of secondary treatment facilities, publishing a Federal Register notice today to officially propose a screener survey for public review and comment. The Agency will send the screener survey to every clean water utility in the country, most likely in early 2017. EPA believes it needs the screener survey to establish a statistical baseline and to help identify which subset of utilities should receive a more detailed survey and be required to provide information on influent and effluent nutrient levels.
EPA shared a preliminary draft of the screener survey with NACWA in July, and the Association outlined several concerns in an August 1 comment letter. A top concern is the Agency’s planned use of its authority under Section 308 of the Clean Water Act to conduct the survey. Section 308 letters often proceed enforcement actions and NACWA’s letter encouraged EPA to avoid using Section 308 to collect the information. NACWA and the Agency met several times to discuss the issue, and while EPA believes it must use Section 308 to ensure a sufficient response rate, it agreed to include language indicating that the information it was collecting would only be used for research or statistical purposes. EPA’s response to NACWA’s August 1 letter outlines the Agency’s rationale for using Section 308 and discusses how the screener survey would be updated to address many of the Association’s comments.
NACWA is now reviewing the revised screener questionnaire and plans to provide comments, in addition to working directly with EPA staff as the Agency proceeds with the study.
NACWA is pleased to announce the publication and release of its 2015 – 2016 Year-At-A-Glance, Elevating Clean Water as a Top National Priority. Through vibrant graphics and compelling content the Association’s 8-panel annual report reflects on its past 12 months of service to the water sector as the only organization dedicated solely to serving the interests of the public clean water utility community.
The report highlights NACWA’s role at the forefront of the White House National Infrastructure Advisory Committee (NIAC) study on water resilience and security and its leadership in bipartisan legislation that would help address affordability and low-income ratepayer needs. It chronicles its efforts to ensure the bipartisan Water Resources Development Act (WRDA) included meaningful changes to the Clean Water Act (see preceding article), as well as its collaborative work with the EPA to create policies that embrace the concepts inherent in the Utility of the Future. Efforts to bring key national water sector organizations together in a Joint Statement in response to the crisis in Flint, Michigan – and unite the sector for Water Week 2016 – were also featured.
NACWA believes that real strides in changing the clean water paradigm can only be made by working together – with utilities and through collaboration within the water sector as a whole. Elevating Clean Water as a Top National Priority reflects the Association’s commitment to collaboration – and demonstrates that by embracing its core mission, it has achieved great things.
NACWA submitted comments September 13 on draft guidance from EPA on conducting fish consumption surveys when developing human health criteria. The guidance is intended to assist the states in estimating the amount of fish being consumed so they can develop protective criteria for toxic materials present in the fish tissue, but NACWA’s comments raised concerns over new concepts EPA has included in the guidance for the first time.
EPA is now pressing states to base the protection levels for the general population upon the fish consumption rates of sub-populations in the state, such as Native American tribes. The guidance also included a discussion of suppression, where EPA expects the states to make assumptions on how much fish these sub-populations would consume, were they not afraid of either real or perceived contamination of the fish. EPA has been pressing the suppression concept in the Pacific Northwest for some time, but this is the first time it has appeared in Agency guidance released for public comment.
NACWA and several of its Member Agencies provided input at a September 14 public listening session for EPA’s development of public notification requirements for combined sewer overflow (CSO) discharges into the Great Lakes. The Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago, the Northeast Ohio Regional Sewerage District, and the Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District attended the session and provided statements about the notification requirements, and also participated in an open discussion about the questions posed in the Federal Register notice announcing the session.
The utilities emphasized the need for flexibility to tailor their notification procedures so that they are feasible for their systems, their staff, and their communities. NACWA echoed the importance of flexibility, and also pointed out that while EPA has used the word “immediate” to describe potential notification standards, Congress did not require “immediate” notice in the Fiscal Year 2016 appropriations package that directed the Agency to develop the public notification requirements.
NACWA will submit written comments to EPA by the September 23 deadline, and the Association encourages all CSO utilities that discharge into the Great Lakes to send comments as well. NACWA will continue to engage with EPA as it works on the notification policy, and will strongly encourage the Agency to provide an opportunity for public comment on whatever it develops.
NACWA has signed on to an “International water industry position statement on non-flushable and ‘flushable’ labeled products.” The statement resulted from work on an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) technical specification for flushability, in which NACWA is participating along with representatives from two Member Agencies: Frank Dick, Vice Chair of the Association’s Pretreatment Committee, and Sewer & Wastewater Engineering Supervisor at the City of Vancouver, Washington Public Works, and Rob Villee, Executive Director of the Plainfield Area Regional Sewerage Authority in New Jersey. The statement emphasizes that only the “3 Ps” – pee, poop, and toilet paper – should be flushed, that wastewater utilities currently do not accept any flushability guidance for wipes, and that all wipes should be clearly labeled “Do Not Flush.” Utilities are also invited to sign the statement.
EPA’s final Dental Amalgam Separator Rule has been submitted to the White House Office of Management & Budget (OMB) for review. EPA initially proposed the rule in October 2014, and NACWA submitted comments in February 2015 recommending that the rule be withdrawn due to its high cost and low environmental benefits. The Association has had many follow-up discussions with EPA about its comments and the impacts of the proposed rule on utilities, and EPA has stated that it is considering the Association’s recommendations for modifying the rule.
NACWA will soon request a meeting with OMB to discuss the rule. Since NACWA has not seen the final rule, it continues its opposition and will do so until the rule can be fully analyzed by the Association and its Member Agencies.
The organization ScienceDebate.org recently released a document with responses from the presidential candidates providing their views on a number of science, environmental, and engineering issues, including water. Both major party candidates, Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton, provided responses as part of the specific survey question on water challenges (see page 18 of the document), and both acknowledged the importance of making water a central focus of their policy agenda should they win the White House. Clinton in particular noted the need to boost investment in the nation’s water and wastewater systems, and also highlighted the continued need to address sewer overflows.
While it is heartening to see both major party candidates recognizing the importance of water in this election, the candidates’ responses also make clear that there is significantly more education the municipal clean water community must do to elevate water as a national priority. NACWA recently sent letters to both the Trump campaign and the Clinton campaign urging a greater focus on water policy issues during the current election season, and the Association will continue to engage the campaigns to advocate for municipal clean water priorities.
NACWA supported EPA’s proposed label language for its registration review of lithium hypochlorite, an antimicrobial chemical used in swimming pools, in comments submitted on September 12. Since antimicrobials can potentially interfere with the biological processes used to treat wastewater or have adverse aquatic impacts if discharged into storm drains, the Association agreed with EPA’s proposed instructions stating, “Before draining a treated pool, spa, or hot tub, contact your local sanitary sewer and storm drain authorities and follow their discharge instructions.”
NACWA also agreed with the more detailed comments of the Bay Area Clean Water Agencies (BACWA) regarding EPA’s environmental risk statement and environmental hazards labeling. While wastewater and stormwater utilities may have the ability to work with public and commercial swimming pool operators, it is much more difficult to regulate discharges from the millions of residential pools in the U.S. Appropriate labeling of pool chemicals is an important step in educating pool owners about proper drainage procedures.
Supported by NACWA, the Water Environment & Reuse Foundation (WE&RF), and the Water Environment Federation (WEF), the Scholarship Exchange Experience for Innovation & Technology (SEE IT) is now accepting applications. The SEE IT program provides support for utilities to learn about, gain confidence in, and adopt new technologies and approaches more quickly.
Scholarships will be provided to selected utility personnel to enable visits to other utilities with innovations of interest. As water resource recovery facilities (WRRFs) are transforming themselves into Utilities of the Future and becoming drivers of resource recovery, economic growth, and improved environmental performance, implementation of innovative technologies, processes, and approaches are essential. These scholarships enable staff to visit and see innovations in action at peer facilities both in the U.S. and across the globe.
Utility representatives interested in investigating a new technology or learning about an innovative approach at another facility are encouraged to submit an application. If selected, the sponsoring organizations will provide travel support for the personnel to visit the utility that is implementing the technology or innovation of interest. The scholarships are being administered through the Leaders Innovation Forum for Technology (LIFT). Candidates may apply to visit innovations that include new technologies and processes, but also novel approaches to service, operations, and finance. The LIFT SEE IT application is available on www.werf.org. Applications are due December 1, 2016.
NACWA’s Communications & Public Affairs Committee held a virtual meeting on September 14 addressing a number of timely clean water issues including rate case messaging, the Association’s Industry of the Future effort, and the Imagine A Day Without Water campaign.
The meeting included a presentation on Crafting Messages for Water Rate Increases by Sapna Mulki, Director, Water, Hahn Public. Mulki discussed a recent research project on rate messaging, key takeaways from that research, and offered recommendations on persuasive messaging.
Andrew Kricun, NACWA Board Member and Executive Director/Chief Engineer for the Camden County Municipal Utilities Authority, discussed the Association’s Industry of the Future initiative. Kricun requested assistance from the Committee to more broadly publicize the Utility of the Future (UOTF) recognition program in 2017, and to disseminate successful UOTF practices in an effective and persuasive way in order to encourage replication.
The Value of Water Coalition also provided an update on Imagine a Day Without Water, which took place on September 15. Over 400 organizations across the country participated in this day of action to raise awareness about the crucial need for water infrastructure investment to ensure no community in America is left without water or the infrastructure that brings it to and from homes and businesses.
NACWA was busy last week discussing important clean water priorities with regional groups on both the West Coast and East Coast. Cynthia Finley, NACWA’s Director of Regulatory Affairs, gave two presentations at the Pacific Northwest Pretreatment Workshop. The first focused on the Association’s advocacy work related to pretreatment and pollution prevention, including the dental amalgam separator rule (see preceding story), and comments provided to EPA on pesticides with potentially harmful effects on water quality or the wastewater treatment process. The second presentation focused on the NACWA’s work on wipes, including the efforts to develop improved flushability guidelines and labeling practices
The Association also provided a national advocacy perspective at the New Jersey Water Environment Association’s (NJWEA) 2016 Fall Technology Transfer Seminar in Eatontown, NJ. Amanda Waters, NACWA’s General Counsel, delivered a presentation outlining litigation in West Virginia and Illinois that threatens to undermine the Clean Water Act (CWA) Section 402(k) Permit Shield and the potential impacts on NPDES permittees. She highlighted NACWA’s efforts to overturn the negative lower court precedent. She also advised on the type of boilerplate language in permits that should raise a red flag and provided recommendations to NPDES permittees on how to object to these provisions at the permit issuance stage. In a separate presentation at the NJWEA event, Chris Hornback, NACWA’s Chief Technical Officer, discussed nutrient recovery technologies and ongoing efforts by clean water agencies to address nutrient pollution through partnerships with agricultural dischargers.
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